Imperialism definition ww1 quizlet

Imperialism is a policy or ideology of extending the rule over peoples and other countries, [2] for extending political and economic access, power and control, often through employing hard power especially military force, but also soft power. While related to the concepts of colonialism and empireimperialism is a distinct concept that can apply to other forms of expansion and many forms of government.

Expansionism and centralisation have existed throughout recorded history by stateswith the earliest examples dating back to the mid- third millennium BC.

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However, the concept of imperialism arose in the modern age, associated chiefly with the European colonial powers of the 17th, 18th, and 19th centuries and New Imperialism. Following the decolonization of European holdings, the concept has further evolved and has been broadly used to identify as well as criticise a range of policies and a number of states, including even supposedly anti-imperialist states.

The word imperialism originated from the Latin word imperium[3] which means supreme power, " sovereignty ", or simply "rule".

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Its precise meaning continues to be debated by scholars. Some writers, such as Edward Saiduse the term more broadly to describe any system of domination and subordination organised around an imperial core and a periphery.

The term "imperialism" is often conflated with " colonialism "; however, many scholars have argued that each has its own distinct definition. Imperialism and colonialism have been used in order to describe one's perceived superiority, domination and influence upon a person or group of people. Robert Young writes that while imperialism operates from the centre, is a state policy and is developed for ideological as well as financial reasons, colonialism is simply the development for settlement or commercial intentions.

However, colonialism still includes invasion. Particularly, Edward Said distinguishes the difference between imperialism and colonialism by stating; "imperialism involved 'the practice, the theory and the attitudes of a dominating metropolitan center ruling a distant territory', while colonialism refers to the 'implanting of settlements on a distant territory.

Imperialism and colonialism both dictate the political and economic advantage over a land and the indigenous populations they control, yet scholars sometimes find it difficult to illustrate the difference between the two. Colonialism is seen to be the architect deciding how to start dominating areas and then imperialism can be seen as creating the idea behind conquest cooperating with colonialism.

Colonialism is when the imperial nation begins a conquest over an area and then eventually is able to rule over the areas the previous nation had controlled. Colonialism's core meaning is the exploitation of the valuable assets and supplies of the nation that was conquered and the conquering nation then gaining the benefits from the spoils of the war.

Colonialism is the builder and preserver of the colonial possessions in an area by a population coming from a foreign region. Thus, most will eventually establish a separate nationality or remain under complete control of their mother colony. The Soviet leader Vladimir Lenin suggested that "imperialism was the highest form of capitalism, claiming that imperialism developed after colonialism, and was distinguished from colonialism by monopoly capitalism".

Geopolitics now focuses on states becoming major economic players in the market; some states today are viewed as empires due to their political and economic authority over other nations. European expansion caused the world to be divided by how developed and developing nation are portrayed through the world systems theory.

The two main regions are the core and the periphery. The core consists of areas of high income and profit; the periphery is on the opposing side of the spectrum consisting of areas of low income and profit. These critical theories of geo-politics have led to increased discussion of the meaning and impact of imperialism on the modern post-colonial world. The Age of Imperialism, a time period beginning aroundsaw European industrializing nations, engaging in the process of colonizing, influencing, and annexing other parts of the world.

In the s British historians John Gallagher — and Ronald Robinson — argued that European leaders rejected the notion that "imperialism" required formal, legal control by one government over a colonial region. Much more important was informal control of independent areas. Roger Louis, "In their view, historians have been mesmerized by formal empire and maps of the world with regions colored red. The bulk of British emigration, trade, and capital went to areas outside the formal British Empire.

Key to their thinking is the idea of empire 'informally if possible and formally if necessary. Cabinet decisions to annex or not to annex were made, usually on the basis of political or geopolitical considerations. Looking at the main empires from tothere was a mixed record in terms of profitability.

At first, planners expected that colonies would provide an excellent captive market for manufactured items. Apart from the Indian subcontinent, this was seldom true. By the s, imperialists saw the economic benefit primarily in the production of inexpensive raw materials to feed the domestic manufacturing sector.

Overall, Great Britain did very well in terms of profits from India, especially Mughal Bengalbut not from most of the rest of its empire. The Netherlands did very well in the East Indies. Germany and Italy got very little trade or raw materials from their empires.Imperialism, sometimes called empire building, is the practice of a nation forcefully imposing its rule or authority over other nations. Typically involving the unprovoked use of military force, imperialism has historically been viewed as morally unacceptable.

Imperialistic take-overs have been happening all over the world for hundreds of years, one of the most notable examples being the colonization of America. While the colonization of the Americas between the 15th and 19th centuries differed in nature from the expansion of the United States, Japan, and the European powers during the late 19th and early 20th centuries, both periods are examples of imperialism.

Imperialism has evolved since the struggles between prehistoric clans for scarce food and resources, but it has retained its bloody roots. Throughout history, many cultures suffered under the domination of their imperialist conquerors, with many indigenous societies being unintentionally or deliberately destroyed. Empires do not undertake the expenses and dangers of imperialistic expansion without what their leaders consider to be ample justification.

Throughout recorded history, imperialism has been rationalized under one or more of the following five theories. The better-developed nation sees imperialism as a means of maintaining its already successful economy and stable social order.

imperialism definition ww1 quizlet

By securing new captive markets for its exported goods, the dominant nation is able to sustain its employment rate and redirect any social disputes of its urban populations into its colonial territories. Historically, this rationale embodies an assumption of ideological and racial superiority within the dominant nation. Growing wealth and capitalism in the dominant nation results in the production of more goods than its population can consume.

Its leaders see imperialist expansion as a way to reduce its expenses while increasing its profits by balancing production and consumption. As an alternative to imperialism, the wealthier nation sometimes chooses to solve its under-consumption problem internally through liberal legislative means such as wage control.

Lenin cited capitalist-imperialist aspirations as the cause of World War I and called for the adoption of a Marxist form of imperialism instead. Imperialism actually serves no real economic or political purpose. Originally created to satisfy an actual need for national defense, the warrior class eventually manufactures crises that can only be dealt with through imperialism in order to perpetuate its existence.

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While imperialism and colonialism both result in the political and economic domination of one nation over others, there are subtle but important differences between the two systems.

In essence, colonialism is the physical practice of global expansion, while imperialism is the idea that drives this practice. In a basic cause-and-effect relationship, imperialism can be thought of as the cause and colonialism as the effect.

imperialism definition ww1 quizlet

In its most familiar form, colonialism involves the relocation of people to a new territory as permanent settlers.Do you want to save dozens of hours in time? Get your evenings and weekends back? Our worksheet bundle includes a fact file and printable worksheets and student activities. Perfect for both the classroom and homeschooling! Imperialism can be simply defined as the act of extending the power of a nation through acquisition. This can be through direct territorial claims, or by gaining political and economic control of a region for the benefit of the motherland.

Profits can be achieved through the supply of valuable raw materials and foodstuffs, precious minerals, and cheap labour. Because of the element of power and control, imperialism is associated with conquest, war, subjugation, and exploitation. During the 19th and 20th centuries, European powers held significant territories across the globe. Other imperial nations of the 19th century included Russia, which held territories in Eastern Europe, France, which held territories primarily in South East Asia, the newly unified Germany, which maintained control over countries in primarily in Africa, Austria-Hungary which ruled over significant regions in Europe itself, and to a lesser extent Spain, the Ottoman Empire, Portugal, Belgium, Holland and Italy.

Along with a heightened sense of nationalism that occurred with the above mentioned nation states, imperialism and its associated rivalries is considered to be a primary contributing factor to the outbreak of WWI. Nationalism can be defined as attitudes and beliefs held by an individual identifying with and supporting their own nation.

The attitude of superiority is proliferated through propaganda and it is often to the detriment of other nations. Britain had been building its empire since the 17th century. Come the 19th century, industrial Britain sought to maintain and expand its colonies in order to increase the importation of raw materials such as timber, rubber and cotton, and expand manufacturing and exportation of finished products.

Other nations emerged as imperialistic newcomers in the midth century and leading up to WWI. In the aftermath of the Napoleonic Wars and the Congress of Viennaempire building and international relations between the major powers the Austrian Empire, France, Prussia, Russia and Britain were increasingly put to the test.

Imperialist competition for power, influence and prestige grew and is most famously exemplified in the Scramble for Africa of the s and s. Inonly 10 per cent of Africa fell under European control. Byhowever, as much as 90 per cent was formally under the control of various European powers. Motivations for claiming territories in Africa included resources, establishing infrastructure such as ports for improved trade and strategic military control, prestige, Christian missionary zeal, attitudes of superiority and civilisation, and exploitation of internal African politics.

Such territorial claims were also facilitated by the Berlin Conference of As Italy and Germany were newly unified nations in the early 19th century, they quickly developed imperialist ambitions to meet the demand for land and resource, and economic limitations at home.

In the late 19th century, German organizations such as the Colonial League proliferated ideas of imperial expansion, which the Kaiser also supported. Other diplomatic incidents that were sparked included Morocco, which was not a French colony but fell under its sphere of influence. A diplomatic crisis ensued, which was exacerbated in when a Moroccan rebellion broke out. While the French were attempting to subdue the uprising, the Germans landed an uninvited armed vessel the Panther at the Moroccan port of Agadir.

Adding further to the tensions between the Major Powers and political instability in Eastern Europe was the steady decline of the Ottoman Empire.

This all came on top of Britain and France having colonial and trade interests in the region too. Later in the 19th century, Japan and the United States also began imperialist expansion.

Below is a list of Major Powers and some but not all of the territories under them in the 19th and 20th centuries:. By the 20th century, its take had diminished to small colonies in the Americas and north-west Africa.Imperialism is when a country takes over new lands or countries and makes them subject to their rule.

By the British Empire extended over five continents and France had control of large areas of Africa. With the rise of industrialism, countries needed new markets. The amount of lands 'owned' by Britain and France increased the rivalry with Germany who had entered the scramble to acquire colonies late and only had small areas of Africa.

The worldwide distribution of U. Some critics described an "open door empire" in which American foreign policy sought to impose everywhere the conditions necessary for the penetration of American exports and enterprise, while keeping underdeveloped nations in a state of perpetual economic colonialism. From this point of view, the term "imperialism" applied to virtually every overseas activity of the United States.

WWI was all about imperialism. It started when a member of the Austrian royal family visited Bosnia, an imperial possession of theirs, and he got assassinated by a Serb. Austria goes in to get retribution, Russia comes to the aid of their ally Serbia, and it's on. Germany jumped in because they were late in the empire business and they wanted to get some of that, too.

Basically every nation involved in the war wanted to expand its borders so its all about imperialism. Trending News.

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imperialism

Surge of suicides push Las Vegas schools to reopen.Shared Flashcard Set. Total Cards Subject History. Level 11th Grade. Create your own flash cards! Sign up here. Supporting users have an ad free experience!

Flashcard Library Browse Search Browse. Create Account. Additional History Flashcards. Term what is expansionism. Definition to acquire land and it also means to have economic growth. Term expansionism, why? Definition America swiftly became a world power, and US politics were stabilized which led the US to take time and look outside to other countries. Term was the US the only country expanding? Definition we wanted to expand our markets and trade.

Definition nationalists started to rise and they only wanted what was good for their country. They also believed in national might, strength, and power. Definition There was the philosophy of social Darwinism, this applied to human and social development. These developments in social, political, and economic thought prepared America for a larger role in the world. Term McKinley's policy. Definition President McKinley sent a war message to Congress to go against Spain because war with Spain was foreseeable, America had to defend democracy, and opposing the war could split the Republican Party and America.

Congress adopted the teller amendment, which meant when the US had overthrown Spanish misrule, it would give the Cubans their freedom and not conquer it. Cubans were sick of Spain ruling them and McKinley helped solve this problem. Term Roosevelt's foreign policy.

Definition specific examples, Panama Canal: A foreign affair that TR needed to deal with was with the creation of a canal through the Central American isthmus. US naval ships had to travel around South America, so building the canal would strengthen naval mobility. However, the Panamanians wanted the canal built, which made them angry at the Columbian government. TR became angry and he decided to step in and take action.

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He did not plan to tear Panama away from Columbia even thought it seemed like that to the public and to Latin America.In more recent times, imperialism has become synonymous with western hegemony in Africa and Asia from the 18th through the 20th centuries and with the spreading cultural influence of the United States.

Formerly implying military and governmental dominance, the word today is often invoked in a wider variety of contexts, such as cultural imperialismmedia imperialismand economic imperialism. And while there has been considerable debate about net the effects of western dominance in other parts of the world, in its current use, imperialism often carries a negative connotation.

Examples of imperialism in a Sentence British imperialism created the enormous British Empire. Recent Examples on the Web When the Disneyland Paris theme park arrived in France almost three decades ago, the guardians of the Gallic way warned of the dangers of American cultural imperialism and a slide toward consumerism.

And what does it mean in America?

What are examples of imperialism in ww1?

Send us feedback. See more words from the same year Dictionary Entries near imperialism imperial dome imperial eagle imperial green imperialism imperialization imperialize Imperial jade. Accessed 24 Jan. Keep scrolling for more More Definitions for imperialism imperialism. Please tell us where you read or heard it including the quote, if possible.

Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free! On 'Feign,' 'Feint,' and 'Faint' No false moves here. The Rules of 'Small Ball' This term is batting a thousand. We're intent on clearing it up 'Nip it in the butt' or 'Nip it in the bud'? We're gonna stop you right there Literally How to use a word that literally drives some pe Is Singular 'They' a Better Choice?

A selection of words from the chillier parts of t Can you spell these 10 commonly misspelled words? Login or Register. Save Word.At the beginning of the war they fired about rounds per minute this increased to rounds per minute. Levelled large sections of Halifax, fires roared,tidal wave detroyed other ships,people killed and thousands left homeless. Residents German,Austrian,Hungarian,Ukrainian even if they were Canadian were fired and locked up in interment camps.

Germany - believed they could win a war now but maybe not later. Russia - economic and access to warm weather prts. France - believed in loyalty to the alliance system as theonly way to remian a major power. Britain - believed in independant states in which people govern themselves with no foreign rular and wanted to curb Germanies strength. Shared Flashcard Set.

What Is Imperialism? Definition and Historical Perspective

Title WW1. Description Hazelmere Chapter 2.

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Total Cards Subject Social Studies. Level 11th Grade. Create your own flash cards! Sign up here. Supporting users have an ad free experience! Flashcard Library Browse Search Browse. Create Account. Additional Social Studies Flashcards. Term Pan-Slavism.

imperialism definition ww1 quizlet

Term Militarism. Definition The British must at all times be equal or better than any two other navies combined.

imperialism definition ww1 quizlet

Term Race. Term Black Hand. Term Triple Alliance Central Powers. Definition Germany Austria-Hungary Italy. Term Triple Entente Allied Powers. Definition France Russia Britain.


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